A very common insect throughout the UK and Europe hatching in May to June – hence the name June Bug! June beetle adults are shiny reddish brown, and up to 2.5 cm (1 inch) long. Larvae: are large yellow-white grubs with light brown heads. early-fall when the larger larvae are actively feeding. Males have seven ‘feathers’ to each antennae while females have six. The June beetle and southern masked chafer emerge from the soil and fly at night, usu-ally after a significant rainfall or irrigation. Chafer Grubs are the larvae of the Chafer Beetle. The European chafer is a beetle that feeds on grass roots while in its larval (grub) phase, killing the grass and leaving visible dead patches. The Japanese beetles live in lawns under similar conditions. Chafer grubs are the soil-dwelling larvae of chafer beetles. They feed on plant roots, for instance potato roots. It has characteristic fanned antennae, a black body, and brown legs and wingcases. Larvae of most scarab species are scavengers but chafer beetle larvae feed on plant roots and can be pests in turf grass. The grubs may be distinguished from other white grubs through characteristics of the posterior of the abdomen, but an experienced entomologist may be needed. They are creamy coloured with an orange head and are about 1.5 cm in length, they have distinctive legs and will be found in the grass roots. Larvae are the largest of the chafer grubs, growing to 40mm length. In most occurrences the damage is minimal but if the grubs build up into large numbers then areas of your lawn can suffer damage and drying. While many homeowners consider grubs out of sight, out of mind, these larvae can cause damage to all turfgrass species. The European chafer, though, has recently migrated further north and east, and is responsible for much of the lawn damage in recent years in eastern Ontario. Masked chafer adults are golden brown beetles, 3/4 inch (1.9 cm) long with dark brown heads. They measure approximately 1.5 cm long and are brown or tan in color. Their undersides are covered with fine white hairs. The chafer larvae (grubs) damage lawns and boulevards by feeding on the roots of turf grass, resulting in the appearance of brown (dead) grass patches in affected lawns. Chafer beetle larvae feed on the roots of turf grass. Do not spray an insecticide on a compost pile. The early larvae stage is when grubs are most voracious and do the most damage. Signs of a Grub Infestation #1: Yellowing turf The European Chafer Beetle is a common, invasive pest in BC. Chafer grubs are about 15mm in length and are the larvae of several species of chafer beetles. Japanese Beetle (Popillia japonica) Soon after, the females descend and deposit as many as fifty eggs each in the soil. The grubs feed on plant roots causing primary damage as the turfgrass dies back due to a … They do not cause damage to home lawns or landscape plants. White grubs (resulting from European chafer, Japanese, May and June beetles) are small, plump, white larvae that feed on grassroots. Photo via surrey.ca. The European Chafer grubs are distinguished from other white grubs by the "Y"-shaped anal slit and by the parallel rows of spines on their raster. Rose chafer larvae have a brown head and conspicuous legs. A full grown rose chafer larva is about 3/4-inch long. It was first identified in the Lower Mainland in New West Minster in 2001 and has since spread to many municipalities across Metro Vancouver. The mature beetles do not sting or bite and have quite a short life span. They include the Japanese beetle, May and June beetle, masked chafer, green June beetle, European chafer, Asiatic garden beetle, oriental beetle, and black turfgrass ataenius. Larvae have the typical C-shaped appearance of white grubs and can range from ¼-inch to 1-inch long with a dark brown head and conspicuous legs. This includes raccoons, skunks, otters (yes, really), crows and other birds. How can I control Chafer Grubs? grubs feed on grass in fall and spring. The larvae of flower chafers are white and live in rotting wood or decaying vegetable matter. However, they vary in color since they have a cream body and reddish-brown head, against the white body and yellowish-brown head of the European Chafer. Nematodes are specially designed for controlling all kinds of white grub, including rose chafer beetle. Q What are chafer grubs?. The large grubs of the chafer feed on the roots of both wild and cultivated cool-latitude grasses, which has made them a critter-non-grata on North American lawns. Larvae are called grubs and have brown heads and conspicuous legs. The adult beetles have reddish-brown wing cases and a black head with short fan-like antennae. European Chafer:The European chafer adult is a small golden tan to light brown beetle, oval in shape, about 1/2" long. There are six species in the UK, though commonly the main problems on lawns are caused by just two species: The Garden Chafer and the Welsh Chafer. Japanese Beetle:The adult Japanese beetle is about 1/2" long with a shiny, metallic-green head a… Order: Coleoptera Description: Adult beetles, commonly referred to as May beetles or Junebugs are ½ to 5/8 inches long, and reddish brown.White grubs are “C”-shaped larvae, up to 1 inch long, … They all do the most damage in their larval stage, although some adults can also cause damage. The grubs of economic importance in Texas are those of the Japanese beetle, the green June beetle (June Bug), the southern masked chafer, the northern masked chafer, and the Asiatic garden beetle. Living most of its life in the soil, the beetle's wormlike larvae do the most damage by feeding heavily on grass roots, creating visible patches of dead and dying turf. The Japanese beetle is consistently the most damaging grub in this state. Those eggs turn into grubs (ick) that feed on the roots of grass until they get ripped out and munched on by crows, raccoons, or skunks. Body is bent into a ‘C’ shape. What Is It? Common Name: Masked chafer Scientific Name: Cyclocephala sp. People find it difficult for distinguishing the grubs of June beetles from Japanese beetles. They are similar to the “June bugs” commonly found in Minnesota in early summer but are generally a bit smaller and lighter in color. European chafer adults are about a half-inch long and tannish in color. The larvae, known as "white grubs" or "chafer grubs", hatch after four to six weeks. Life cycle of rose chafers. The grub is about 3/4" long, grayish white with a brown head and six legs. The adult chafer beetle does no damage to turf but the larvae or grub likes to dine on grass roots. The eggs hatch in July and the larvae … There are a bunch of different scarab beetles that can be turf pests; "white grub" is a … The major damage to lawns occurs when crows, skunks and other animals dig up the lawn in search of these large, white grubs that occur in early spring and fall. This time of year these ugly suckers can be seen mating in the trees at dusk and each one can lay up to 50 eggs in the surrounding lawn. Adult beetles are seen coming out of the ground in late May and early June. Summer chafer – also up to 12mm long, these are distinguishable from the garden chafer as they are entirely red-brown without the metallic blue-green colouring. A Chafer grubs can eat the roots of a very wide range of plants, but they are a particular problem in lawns. The adult beetle is hairy on the underside of its thorax. Rose chafers are scarab beetles approximately 3/8 inch long, slender, and light tan in color. The June beetle larvae also feed on the tufts and grasses, like the European chafer grub. Larvae are white, C-shaped grubs with dark stripes on their backs and brown head capsules and legs. The grubs live in the soil, feeding on plant roots. Larvae. Grubs are the l larvae stage of several beetles which include May and June Beetles and Mask Chafer Beetle. Both appear to have the same habits and life cycles, going from eggs laid in the ground by the mature female beetles, hatching out to larvae/grubs in the ground and maturing to … All these grubs have cream colored bodies with yellow to brownish heads, … Hand picking is the best way to eliminate larvae or adults from compost piles. An invasive turf pest, the European Chafer Beetle was first discovered in the Lower Mainland in 2001 and has continued to spread into surrounding communities, including Surrey. 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